Small Animals

Badger

The badger is a medium-sized, heavy-bodied animal with a broad head and a short, thick neck that is the same size as the head. It has a short, bushy tail and short legs. Its general color is gray with a yellowish hue. The badger's brown face is marked with a white stripe reaching from near the nose to the crown of the head and sometimes onto the neck and back. Pairs of white areas extend...

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Cat

What is the difference between a stray cat and a feral cat?

A stray cat is a pet cat that is lost or abandoned. Stray cats are accustomed to contact with people and are tame.

A feral cat is a wild animal, not to be confused with stray and free-roaming cats that are, or once were, someone’s pet. A feral cat is the "wild" offspring of domestic cats or...

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Chipmunk

Chipmunks are a type of squirrel. These small, furry rodents are identified by their stubby legs, bushy tails and white, black and brown stripes that run down their backs.

Chipmunks are the smallest members of the squirrel family. The biggest species of chipmunk is the eastern chipmunk, which can grow up to 11 inches and can weigh up to 4.4 ounces. 

Chipmunks typic...

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Fox

The red fox is dog-like in appearance with a long, pointed muzzle and a long, bushy tail. The color of the fur on its back is a dark, reddish yellow. The tail is reddish yellow, but also mixed with black and tipped in white.

The gray fox is similar to the red fox, but is gray in appearance and has a slightly smaller build. Both species of foxes grow to be 35 to 44 inches in length...

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Groundhog

Groundhogs, also called woodchucks, are large rodents. They are also one of the 14 species of marmot, or ground squirrels, and they are the largest members of the squirrel family.

From head to rump, groundhogs are 17.75 to 24 inches (45 to 61 centimeters) long. They weigh around 13 lbs. (6 kilograms), which is about twice the average weight of a newborn human baby. Like other squi...

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Muskrat

Muskrats are native to North America, with a range that extends from Canada to some northern parts of Mexico. They have also been introduced to Northern Europe, Asia, and South America, mainly for their valued pelts.

Muskrat Habitat

Muskrats are semi-aquatic mammals that inhabit areas abundant in water, such as wetlands, ponds, lakes and marshes.

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Opossum

In North America, opossums are found in the eastern, central, and west coast states.

Opossums live in a variety of habitats, ranging from dry to wet areas and from woodlands to open fields. They prefer areas near streams or swamps.

Opossums are the only marsupial in North America. They are nocturnal, are great climbers and are often seen in trees or other high places su...

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Porcupine

Porcupines are large, slow-moving rodents with sharp quills on their backs. They are found on every continent except Antarctica. Scientists group porcupines into two groups: Old World porcupines, which are found in Africa, Europe and Asia; and New World porcupines, which are found in North, Central, and South America. The North American porcupine is the only species found in the United State...

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Rabbit

Adult cottontail rabbits are 15-19 inches long and weigh 2-4 pounds. The ears are large and the hind feet are larger and longer than the front feet. Color range is gray to brownish gray. The tail of this rabbit looks like a tuft of cotton, giving this rabbit its name.

The eastern cottontail rabbit is found in the entire area east of the Rocky Mountains in the United States. This t...

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Raccoon

Raccoons are a distinctively marked, stocky animal. They have a prominent black mask over their eyes and a heavily furred, ringed tail. Body fur color is a salt and pepper gray and black. Adults are about two to three feet in length, and weigh from 12 to 30 pounds. There are occasional large specimens weighing from 36-38 pounds.

The raccoon lives throughout the United States, with...

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Skunk

Skunks are a member of the weasel family. In North America, there are four types of skunks.

The most common is the striped skunk, which is black and identified by the white stripes running the length of its back. A striped skunk is generally the same size as a house cat, weighing up to 10 pounds. Their average length is about 24 inches.

Spotted skunks are smaller, and m...

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Snake

There are more than 3,000 species of snakes in the world and there is at least one type of snake on every continent except Antarctica. While the snake has a bad rap as a pest, snakes can often be quite helpful and even a fun pet.

With so many different species, there are snakes of many different sizes. The world's smallest snake, according to National Geographic, is the t...

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Squirrel

Squirrels have major and minor food preferences. Favorite foods include fruits, nuts and seeds. Peanuts and peanut butter are superior baits. Walnuts and apples are good baits since they may naturally occur in the squirrel's diet.

Tree squirrel diets vary by species and are determined by their habitat and season of the year.

Tree squirrels do not hibernate, but tend...

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Weasel

Weasels live in a variety of habitats, such as open fields, woodlands, thickets, roadsides and farmlands. They typically thrive in environments abundant with small prey (like small rodents) and with an available source of water. Most weasels live in either abandoned burrows, or nests under trees or rockpiles.

Weasels are carnivores that mainly prey on small vertibrates. They are adept h...

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