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Small Animals

Badger

The badger is a medium-sized, heavy-bodied animal with a broad head and a short, thick neck that is the same size as the head. It has a short, bushy tail and short legs. Its general color is gray with a yellowish hue. The badger's brown face is marked with a white stripe reaching from near the nose to the crown of the head and sometimes onto the neck and back. Pairs of white areas extend...

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Cat

A stray cat is a pet cat that is lost or abandoned. Stray cats are accustomed to contact with people and are tame.

A feral cat is a wild animal, not to be confused with stray and free-roaming cats that are, or once were, someone’s pet. A feral cat is the "wild" offspring of domestic cats or other feral cats. Feral cats are afraid of humans. They do their very ...

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Chipmunks

These small, furry rodents are easily identified by their stubby legs, bushy tails and white, black and brown stripes that run down their backs. Chipmunks are the smallest members of the squirrel family. There are 25 species of chipmunk and only one o...

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Foxes

There are multiple species of fox, but the red fox is most commonly recognized by all. The red fox is dog-like in appearance with a long, pointed muzzle and a long, bushy tail. In addition to their different coloring, gray foxes also have a slightly smaller build. Red foxes prefer open country with moderate cover. Gray foxes prefer dense cover such as thickets and forests.

When a...

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Groundhogs

Recognize the telltale signs that it’s time to set a groundhog trap: teeth marks on wood and plants, small piles of soil indicating a burrow entrance, and other obviously chewed objects.

Groundhogs also have sharp claws that they use to dig impressive burrows in the ground. During the warm months, a groundhog's incisors grow about a sixteenth of an inch (1.6 millimeters)...

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Muskrat

Muskrats are native to North America, with a range that extends from Canada to some northern parts of Mexico. They have also been introduced to Northern Europe, Asia, and South America, mainly for their valued pelts.

Muskrats are carriers of some diseases ((like tularemia, giardiasis and rabies) that may be transmitted to humans and/or pets through a bite, drinking contaminated wa...

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Opossum

Opossums are the only marsupial in North America. Opossums live in a variety of habitats, ranging from dry to wet areas and from woodlands to open fields. They prefer areas near streams or swamps.

Opossums make living quarters in a variety of areas, such as culverts, tree cavities, burrows of other animals, brush piles and buildings. Because they are not afraid of humans, they hav...

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Porcupine

Porcupines are large, slow-moving rodents with sharp quills on their backs. They are found on every continent except Antarctica. The North American porcupine is the only species found in the United States and Canada.

Though they don't eat meat, porcupines chew on bones to sharpen their teeth. Bones also give them important minerals, like salt and calcium, to keep them healthy....

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Rabbit

The cottontail rabbit's habitat is wherever there is long grass or brush to serve as cover and an adequate food supply. Cottontails usually spend their entire lives in an area the size of ten acres or less and rarely move farther than a mile, seasonally, because of the scarcity of food supply.

The eastern cottontail rabbit is found in the entire area east of the Rocky Mountain...

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Raccoon

Raccoons are a distinctively marked, stocky animal. They have a prominent black mask over their eyes and a heavily furred, ringed tail. Body fur color is a salt and pepper gray and black. Adults are about two to three feet in length, and weigh from 12 to 30 pounds. There are occasional large specimens weighing from 36-38 pounds.

Raccoons location their dens in hollow trees, g...

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Skunk

Skunks are a member of the weasel family. In North America, there are four types of skunks: striped, hooded, hog-nosed and spotted.

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Snake

There are more than 3,000 species of snakes in the world and there is at least one type of snake on every continent except Antarctica. While snakes can often be a helpful and fun pet, they are less welcome when showing up in yards and houses uninvited. Many snakes have dangerous venom, but most common yard ...

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Squirrel

Squirrels have major and minor food preferences. Favorite foods include fruits, nuts and seeds. Peanuts and peanut butter are superior baits. Walnuts and apples are good baits since they may naturally occur in the squirrel's diet.

Tree squirrel diets vary by species and are determined by their habitat and season of the year.

Tree squirrels do not hibernate, but tend...

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Weasel

Weasels live in a variety of habitats, such as open fields, woodlands, thickets, roadsides and farmlands. They typically thrive in environments abundant with small prey (like small rodents) and with an available source of water. Most weasels live in either abandoned burrows, or nests under trees or rock piles.

Weasels are carnivores that mainly prey on small vertibrates. They are ...

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