Roach Facts

Wherever man can survive, so can cockroaches. Cockroaches are born scavengers.

Indoors, cockroaches are fond of starchy materials, such as cereals, sweetened or sugary substances and meat products. A few of the substances upon which they feed include cheese, beer, leather, hair, wallpaper, artwork, paper documents, postage stamps, draperies, paper currency, and dead or rotting organic matter. They eat books and book bindings.

Cockroaches acquire pathogenic bacteria simply by walking over cultures and these pathogens are subsequently transferred to foodstuffs during the normal foraging behavior of the infested roach.

The phrase "cockroach asthma" has been used to describe instances of bronco-spasm brought on by inhalation of cockroach allergens.

The worldwide estimate of the number of cockroaches is given as 3,500 species, but that number is likely far greater.

Many homes and business establishments become infested with German cockroaches when they are introduced by infested cartons, foodstuffs and other materials.

American cockroaches are commonly found in sewers and basements, particularly around pipes.

Pest Tips

Many pest management professionals consider trapping to be the most effective means of physical removal of cockroaches.

Control

Proper identification of the infesting species is important in controlling the infestation.

Cockroaches are secretive and often go unnoticed until populations are so large that evidence of contamination or potential health problems is readily apparent.

Inspection for cockroaches usually involves a visual search. A thorough knowledge of preferred habitats of cockroach species helps determine potential harborage sites.

The reduction of clutter is one of the keys to effective long-term control of cockroaches.

Like all animals, cockroaches need food and water to survive in and around structures. By reducing access to food and water, cockroach populations become stressed to survive in urban environments. Conversely, poor sanitation, inadequate maintenance and overcrowding in apartments can create chronic cockroach infestations. Once German cockroach populations are established, it can be impossible to reduce the population by sanitation alone.

Harborage alteration for indoor cockroaches often entails removal of materials such as paper bags and boxes, newspapers, excessive household goods, litter and any other items that produce clutter.