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Have fly problems? Learn all about flies, including the many different species of flies you may find in your home or business and your options to eradicate and prevent them.

  • Baby flies are called larvae, but they are also known as maggots

  • Medical doctors use a special species of maggots to help patients with flesh wounds, especially burn victims

  • A female housefly can lay up to 600 eggs in her short lifetime

  • While many flying insects have two pairs of wings, generally, flies only have one pair of wings

  • Flies don’t have teeth; they have a long tongue instead

  • Flies are more active in the daytime than at nighttime

There are more than 120,000 species of flies worldwide, with about 18,000 found in North America. Most flies live an average of 21 days and take on various shapes throughout their short lives but can reproduce quickly. This means that fly infestations can manifest in a short period of time if left unchecked. On top of possible infestations, flies come into contact with various harmful bacteria and diseases and can spread them to humans.

There are approximately 80 species in North America. Disease transmission can occur through contaminating food and food preparation surfaces. Disease transmission can also happen when a blow fly comes into contact with an open wound or lesion on people, livestock, or pets. These pests can spread dysentery, eye infections, and other illnesses.

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What You Need To Know About The Blow Fly

  • What do blow flies look like?

    • Metallic blue-green or black coloring, larvae are pale white

    • Adults have sponge-like mouthparts, with feathery hairs on the males’ terminal antennal segments

    • Larvae have hook-like mouthparts with a median row of fleshy tubercles that resemble hair

    • Larvae have the appearance of a grain of rice

  • What do blow flies eat?

    • Blow flies are attracted to decaying organic matter

    • The meat of dead animals is essential for larval survival and growth

    • Ability to smell dead animal matter as far as a mile away

    • They are also attracted to plants that give off the smell of rotting meat and, as such, can be a pollinator for those plants

  • Where do blow flies live?

    • Most commonly found in climates that are warm and humid, as they cannot thrive in windy and arid regions of the world 

    • Common pests in the southern parts of the United States

What You Need To Know About Blow Fly Infestations 

  • What are the signs of a blow fly infestation?

    • Adults can be spotted resting on surfaces or checking out potential food or odor sources

    • Spotting larvae often happens when they move out of breeding sources to pupate

    • Blow fly maggots are generally seen near dead animals

  • Why do blow flies invade my home or business?

    • Through open doors, windows, or small cracks in walls in search of food

    • Once inside, blow flies find a meal and begin to deposit eggs on its surface

    • Blow fly species are known for infesting homes, especially homes located near slaughterhouses, meat processing plants, and landfills

  • How do I get rid of blow flies?

Tips To Prevent Blow Fly Infestations

    • Keep food stored away and out of the open

    • Clean up food crumbs

    • Ensure trash is covered in a receptacle that has a secure lid

Gnats are a nuisance to deal with. When attracted to stimuli, they seem to swarm around it, whether that be food sources, bright lights, or houseplants. Their tiny size can make it challenging to identify where they are coming from.

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What You Need To Know About Gnats

  • What do gnats look like?

    • Adults range in size but usually are no larger than 3 mm

    • Dark brown to light brown coloring

    • Wings are larger than their bodies

  • What do gnats eat?

    • Some species are excellent plant pollinators and feed on crop pests such as aphids and scales

    • Other gnats, such as the Hessian fly, are crop pests themselves

    •  Fruit and other plant material 

  • Where do gnats live?

    • Indoors, they can live in potted plants and bathrooms

    • Outdoors, they can live near areas of stagnant water 

    • Attracted to places with moisture, garbage, houseplants, and other warm, moist areas like your bathroom or kitchen

What You Need To Know About Gnat Infestations 

  • What are the signs of a gnat infestation?

    • Massive swarms of gnats around food, water sources, or buzzing near light sources

  • Why do gnats invade my home or business?

    • Moisture and organic material attract gnats

    • Some species prefer the soil of houseplants, while others seek out decomposing food debris in garbage disposals or on damaged and over-ripe fruit

    • Any wetness in the home or unsanitary habits could draw them indoors, and once inside

  • How do I get rid of gnats?

    • Identify damp places where the fungus can grow

    • Remove moisture from indoor plant trays

    • Don’t overwater indoor plants

    • Use Insecticides  

    • Use the Flies-No-More Solar Trap 

Tips To Prevent Gnat Infestations

    • Keep food stored away and out of the open

    • Clean up food crumbs

    • Ensure trash is covered in a receptacle that has a secure lid

House flies are the most notorious of 120,000 species of flies, and they can be found all over the world. They can survive in all habitats where people can survive because they are accustomed to living near humans. House flies are pests because they easily reproduce and transmit numerous diseases. People apply various insecticides to eradicate them, but they are still very numerous and even resistant to some chemicals. On the other hand, house flies are beneficial because they accelerate the recycling process by decomposing organic waste.

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What You Need To Know About House Flies

  • What do house flies look like?

    • 0.6 - 0.7 cm in length

    • Gray coloring

    • Black stripes on the thorax

    • Clear wings 

    • Covered with little hairs

  • What do house flies eat?

    • Eats a wide variety of food, including human food, animal food, and carcasses, garbage, and excrement

  • Where do house flies live?

    • They prefer corners and edges or thin objects to rest on

    • Indoors, they rest on floors, walls, and ceilings during the day

    • Outdoors, they will rest on plants, the ground, fence wires, garbage cans, etc. 

What You Need To Know About House Fly Infestations 

  • What are the signs of a house fly infestation?

    • A large number of flies out in the open and near food sources 

    • White larvae are seen out in the open 

  • Why do house flies invade my home or business?

    • They breed and feed in filth, including garbage, feces, and rotting or spoiled food 

    • Poor sanitation and ripped screens, and unsealed cracks in windows and doors can lead to house fly infestations

  • How do I get rid of house flies?

Tips To Prevent House Fly Infestations

    • Keep food stored away and out of the open

    • Clean up food crumbs

    • Take out trash on a regular basis

    • Replace damaged window screens

The phorid humpbacked fly is an adept scavenger for food. Both indoors and outdoors, these flies will search for decaying food. This leaves homes and businesses with unsanitary conditions or exposed food waste susceptible to infestation.

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What You Need To Know About Phorid Humpbacked Flies

  • What do phorid humpbacked flies look like?

    • Very tiny, 0.5 to 5.5 mm in length

    • Varying colors, black, brown, and yellow

    • Arched thorax (a "humped" back)

  • What do phorid humpbacked flies eat?

    • Feed on organic matter that is moist or decaying

  • Where do phorid humpbacked flies live?

    • Live in areas that are unsanitary and have poorly stored food

What You Need To Know About Phorid Humpbacked Fly Infestations 

  • What are the signs of a phorid humpbacked fly infestation?

    • A large number of flies have been observed

    • Often are observed buzzing around rooms and scurrying across counters or other surfaces

  • Why do phorid humpbacked flies invade my home or business?

    • Access to food sources

    • Exposed trash 

  • How do I get rid of phorid humpbacked flies?

Tips To Prevent Phorid Humpbacked Fly Infestations

    • Keep food stored away and out of the open

    • Clean up food crumbs

    • Ensure trash is covered in a receptacle that has a secure lid

    • Take out trash on a regular basis

The horse fly is the common name for the family Tabanidae’s large hairy flies. The bites of many species are very painful. Black horse flies belong to the genus Tabanus; the smaller and more common banded horse flies, with black, brown, or yellow bodies and brilliantly colored eyes, are members of the genus Chrysops.

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What You Need To Know About Horse Flies

  • What do horse flies look like?

    • Around 2.5 cm in length

    • Back or gray in color

    • Large, bright green eyes

    • Short antennae on their head

  • What do horse flies eat?

    • Females feed on the blood of livestock and other animals

    • Males feed on pollen and nectar

  • Where do horse flies live?

    • In warm areas where moisture is present 

What You Need To Know About Horse Fly Infestations 

  • What are the signs of a horse fly infestation?

    • A large number of horse flies are observed around the home or business

  • Why do horse flies invade my home or business?

    • Livestock may be nearby

    • Entered through damaged window screens

  • How do I get rid of horse flies?

Tips To Prevent Horse Fly Infestations

    • Replace damaged window screens

    • Keep food stored away and out of the open

Find the Infestation

Removing flies can be a challenge, but it is possible. Preventative measures are an essential step—monitoring doors and windows and sealing up any gaps can reduce the number of flies that get in your house.

If you’re dealing with a fly infestation indoors or outdoors, scented sticky traps like the Flies-No-More Solar Trap can help eliminate the problem. The LED light and banana scent help lure insects to the glue board, which traps them and keeps them from becoming more of a problem.