Sparrow Facts

House or English Sparrows

House sparrows were introduced from England into the United States in 1850. There are many naturally occurring species of sparrows also in the US but they are not considered pests in or around buildings.

The house sparrow is a small but stocky bird 5.5 to 6.5 inches in length. The male can be distinguished from all common native sparrows by its black throat and upper breast and ash gray crown. It also has a chestnut colored cape extending from the eyes along the side and back of the neck.

House sparrows are a social bird, nesting closely to one another and flying and feeding in small flocks. Nests of almost any easily obtained material are built on almost any conceivable elevated place.

Sparrows raise two to five broods per year. Three to eight eggs are laid per clutch and take an average of two weeks to hatch. The annual mortality rate of mature house sparrows has been calculated at 54%.

Sparrows feed on a wide variety of cereals and seeds and their diet includes young seedlings, buds and flowers and small soft fruits. The house sparrow has become almost dependent on humans for both food sources and nesting sites.

In addition to messy nests and the contamination and defacement caused by droppings, sparrows damage soft insulation in warehouses and in livestock facilities. Their nests have been known to cause short circuits and fires.

House sparrows have been implicated in the transmission of more than 25 diseases to humans and domestic animals including psittacosis, salmonellae and several forms of encephalitis. Sparrows in and around poultry and hog farms, because of their disease-carrying potential, are of concern to farmers.

Pest Tips

The Kage-All® Sparrow Trap is a safe and humane way to catch and hold sparrows.

Use a sufficient amount of bait and place inside the trap. A pan of water in the trap is also recommended. Bird feed placed inside the trap lures pest birds in. The walk-through design allows birds to easily walk in, but not out.

Control

The house sparrow is not protected by federal or state laws. Check for any local laws that may prohibit control by certain methods.

The systematic destruction of nests and eggs at 10 to 12 day intervals will reduce reproduction and eventually move the birds from a building. All nests that are knocked down should be cleaned up and destroyed to prevent the birds from reusing the material and to prevent the spread of nest parasites.

Available from Kness

Kage All® Bird Trap Products Kage All® Bird Trap

Kage-All® Bird Traps humanely capture pest birds such as sparrows and pigeons for later release or relocation without causing harm to the bird. Kage-All® Bird Traps are simple and easy to use and can be used indoors or outdoors.

View Kage-All® Bird Traps